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Severe facial trauma
Facial trauma , also called maxillofacial trauma , is any physical trauma to the face. Facial trauma can involve soft tissue injuries such as burns , lacerations and bruises , or fractures of the facial bones such as nasal fractures and fractures of the jaw, as well as trauma such as eye injuries. Symptoms are specific to the type of injury; for example, fractures may involve pain, swelling, loss of function, or changes in the shape of facial structures. Facial injuries have the potential to cause disfigurement and loss of function; for example, blindness or difficulty moving the jaw can result. Although it is seldom life-threatening, facial trauma can also be deadly, because it can cause severe bleeding or interference with the airway ; thus a primary concern in treatment is ensuring that the airway is open and not threatened so that the patient can breathe. Depending on the type of facial injury, treatment may include bandaging and suturing of open wounds , administration of ice, antibiotics and pain killers , moving bones back into place, and surgery.
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Types of Facial Fractures
Articles in the December issue discuss various health issues affecting school-aged children, including acne, eczema and growth disorders. Volume 41, No. Maxillofacial injuries are a common presentation to general practice and hospital emergency departments in Australia; surprisingly they can be easily overlooked at initial assessment. This article describes the common typical clinical and radiographic findings in maxillofacial injuries that require further specialist treatment. Signs and symptoms requiring immediate treatment are highlighted and discussed individually. The full extent of functional disturbances might not be detectable in the first instance.
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Types of Facial Fractures
Facial trauma is predominantly an occurrence in the young male. The most frequent etiology of severe facial trauma is motor vehicle accident related. If nasal fractures are included the most common etiology overall is interpersonal conflict.
Metrics details. A significant proportion of patients admitted to hospital with multiple traumas exhibit facial injuries. The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence and cause of facial injuries in severely injured patients and to examine the role of plastic and maxillofacial surgeons in treatment of this patient collective. A total of 67 patients, who were assigned to our trauma room with maxillofacial injuries between January and December , were enrolled in the present study and evaluated.